PDF Rabindranath Tagore: Adventure of Ideas and Innovative Practices in Education

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Nattulala Gupta studies Tagores selected Writings on Education and highlights that Siksar Herpher is Tagore's very first writing which enunciates explicitly some of his fundamental educational thoughts. Every year new innovations, new concepts and new ways of doing things in all areas of human endeavour emerge, the wider the horizon of our mental outlook, the more and more problems occurs to us. The most important and difficult phase in the research project is the choice of the suitable problem. Those who are more experienced know that research is often tedious, painful, needs patience, expertise, and is slow and rarely spectacular.

Researcher realizes that the research for truth and the solution of the most important problem take a great deal of time and energy and the intensive application of logical thinking. Research makes its contribution to the human welfare by countless small addition to knowledge. The acquisition and expansion of knowledge is not automatic and self perpetuating process. New facts, new concepts, new ways of doing things has its quantam with passage of time.

This knowledge enables us to understand, comprehend, explain, control, predict or cope with a given situation. The present level of knowledge is an outcome of various methods adopted by man over a period of several centuries. The researcher has to fetch even a drop of water of knowledge and make it a great ocean of knowledge. Research originates from a need that arises. A clear distinction between the problem and the purpose should be made. The problem is the aspect the researchers worries about, think about, and wants to find a solution for. The purpose is to solve the problem, i. If there is no clear problem formulation, the purpose and methods are meaningless.

In the words of George J. Mauly , Research starts with the identification of the problem. This is the first step in the sequence. It is also of the importance for probably no aspect of study has a greater bearing on the success of overall venture then the wise choice of problems.

It is first necessary for a researcher to choose a broad field within which he will conduct the study. The researcher should have a deep interest in the field. His enthusiasm and real curiosity enhance his motivation for the successful completion of the study. The field selected should be one in which the researcher is capable of demonstrating necessary initiative, originality and good judgement. One of the most fruitful sources of problems for the researcher is his own experience as a professional educator.

Contacts and discussions with research oriented people, listening to learned speakers are helpful in identifying research problems, inferences that can be drawn from various educational and psychological theories can be very helpful. Technological and social changes demand development of new changes in the fabric of society. All these developments constantly bring forth new problems for research. The goal of education has been recognized as national, social and individual development.

Hence the need and importance of research has been realized increasingly in the field of education. The process in the field of education depends on the solution of The investigator has taken the initiative of probing into an important aspect of contribution of Rabindranath Tagore in the field of Education and its relevance in the modern world.

A survey of the related studies has led to the emergence of the specific research problem. His ideas about education brought a revolution in the field of education. Tagore, by his efforts and achievements, is one of the global networks of pioneer educators, who have striven to create non- authoritarian learning systems appropriate to their respective surroundings.

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His philosophy and ideas are significant even in the contemporary times. His concepts of international education, creative self expression are totally relevant in the present scenario. He insisted that it is essential to educate the women for national development. In recent years women education has gained momentum both in private and public sectors.

His ideals of human love, interpersonal relationship, socio-cultural norms, realization of cooperative society are as much relevant today as in his times. A study of educational ideas of Tagore will prove helpful in Educational reconstruction. The relevance of such a study in regard to modern India will become significant in the historical study of the education system. Tagore was alive to the testimony of history, the defective education has ever been the cause of decay and decline and that a sound education system alone can serve as the pivot of social regeneration. He found education to be out of tune with life which does not take into accounting the needs and problems of the masses.

Such system fails to train students for the demands of an active, social and practical life. So Tagores ideas brought about a revolution. Tagores educational institution which he founded at Bholpur represents a reaction against the narrow, prosaic and soulless education which the state provided for children in the schools. It was Tagores ambition that the ideal which India possessed in the past should come in its entire essence. Education should make for the culture, of the soul and not merely of the intellect or memory.

The greatness of Tagore as an educationist, among other factors, due to his perfect understanding of the childs mind. He emphasized on producing balanced individuals who may be able to carve out not only their own destiny but also the destiny of the society. Among the Educational and social reformers of modern India, Tagore was at the forefront. Many scholars have studied Tagores Contribution in the field of education but still there are certain gaps that need more comprehensive and wider attention.

In order to fill those gaps in the existing knowledge and to have an in depth analysis of the myriad personality of Tagore and his contribution in the field of education with its relevance in the modern world, the investigator thought of probing further on this topic. The Problem. Method and Procedure. Biography of Rabindranath Tagore.

Rabindranath Tagore - Vyhľadávanie na iraxejysij.tk

Contribution of Rabindranath Tagore in the field of Education. Relevance of Rabindranath Tagores educational ideas in the modern world. The Problem 2. The sphere of Tagores contribution in the field of education is tremendous and its contents are rich in providing substantial and social knowledge. Tagore's Contribution to education is highly relevant in the modern scenario and many of his innovations have now become part of general educational practices.

The investigator has worked deeply on the topic and has opened the gates for the future researches of education to conduct a research on this topic more deeply to find out new ideas and trends. To study the Biography of Rabindranath Tagore. To understand the contribution of Rabindranath Tagore in the field of education. To study the Educational ideas of Rabindranath Tagore. To analyze the relevance of Tagores educational ideas in the modern world.

Rabindranath Tagore

Method and Procedure Research methods are of utmost importance in a research process. They describe the various steps of the plan of attack to be adopted in solving a research problem such as the manner in which the problems are formulated, the definition of terms, the choice of subjects for investigation, the validation of data gathering tools, the collection, analysis and interpretation of data, and the processes of inferences and generalizations. The selection of a method and the specific design within that method appropriate in investigating a research problem will depend upon the nature of the problem and research questions, and kind of data that the problem may entail.

According to Hillway To describe in detail the specific method being used, incidentally, constitutes a very good way of determining whether the method chosen has been worked out properly and is likely to prove effective. If the scholar cannot describe his method, the chances are that it is too vague and general to yield him satisfactory results. The present study is philosophical and historical in nature.

So for this, the researcher has adopted Historical method of research. Historical material in such areas of education as principles of philosophy of education has made contribution in understanding the present day problems. It demands standard of careful methodology and spirit comparable to these which characterize other types of research. It implies an effort to recount some aspects of education problem.

Principles of philosophy of education etc have valuable contribution in understanding the present day problems. The main processes which are involved in the historical method of researchers can be classified as under: Collection of data from primary and secondary sources Critical analysis of data collected.

Presentation of facts. Following this pattern, the investigator has collected the data and analyzed the data collected and then presented the facts. While collecting and then presented the facts. While collecting the data, the investigator consulted two types of sources. Primary sources Secondary sources.

Primary sources are eye witness accounts and are the only solid bases of historical enquiry. Good, Barr, Scates have called them as the first witnesses to a fact. Primary sources include personal records, official records, oral testimony of traditions and events, pictorial records, remains or relics. Such records include diaries, autobiographies, original drafts of speeches, articles, books, myths, family stories, photographs. In Primary sources, the investigator took the help of writings of Tagore, records memories, biographies and books on the contribution of this great scholar.

These proved to be of immense help to the investigator to carry her research forward and make others aware of the contribution of Rabindranath Tagore in the field of education and its relevance in the modern world. Secondary sources are the accounts of an event provided by a person who did not directly observe the event. The person may have directly contacted an actual observer and talked with him or read an account by an observer.

Secondary sources, if used carefully, serve many useful purposes. They may acquaint a research a researcher to major theoretical issues in his field and to the work that has been done in the area under study. In the secondary sources , the investigator consulted a no. The investigator collected the data from various sources and analyzed the data collected and selected the data to be discussed from various sources to be discussed in her research Having established the authenticity and validity of the facts, the researcher then, addressed herself to the next task of interpreting these facts in the light of her problem.

She has tried her level best to interpret the ideas of Rabindranath Tagore as an educator and his immense contribution to the field of education, its relevance to the modern world. Library work, though time consuming is a fruitful phase of the research programme. So for preparation, constructive analysis of relevant views on Rabindranath Tagore was done. The investigator tried to present the facts accurately and objectively in her dissertation. The researcher has also honestly tried to interpret the contribution of Tagore in the field of Education and its relevance in the modern world.

The investigator endeavored to analyze the educational doctrines by Tagore and its relevance in the modern perspective in his books. Biography of Rabindranath Tagore 4. Rabindranath was the fourteenth and the youngest son of Maharishi Devendranath and grandson of Dwarkanath Tagore. His father Devendranath was a great Brahmo Samaj leader. He taught him Indian philosophy, Upanishads, astronomy, and Sanskrit. Tagore received his early education at home from private tutors. By nature, he loved beauty, music and poetry.

When he had grown a little older he was sent to St. Xaviers school, Calcutta. He recorded his own impressions regarding his early education The masters and pundits who were charged with my education soon abandoned the thankless task and realized that this boy could never be driven along the beaten track of learning.

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At the age of 16 Tagore was sent to England to study law but this subject did not appeal to him and he returned to India after a while. Seeking to become a barrister, Tagore enrolled at a public school in Brighton, England in ; later, he studied at university college London, but returned to India in without a degree. On 9 December he married Mrinalini Devi. They had five children, two of whom later died before reaching adulthood.

In , Tagore began managing his familys estates. During these years, Tagores Sadhana Period was among his most fecund, with more than half stories of the three-volume and eighty-four story Galpaguchchha was written. With irony and emotional weight, they depicted a wide range of Indian lifestyles, particularly village life.

It developed into an important educational institution on unconventional lines. The Gitanjali or Song Offerings is a collection of poems. It became very famous in the West, and was widely translated. The word gitanjali is composed from "git", song, and "anjali", offering, and thus means "An offering of songs"; but the word for offering, anjali, has a strong devotional connotation, so the title may also be interpreted as "prayer offering of song. When one reads the works of Tagore, one detects a clear stream of spirituality and an intense love for Nature that flows through most of his books.

It is no exaggeration that the more works of Tagore one reads, the more one falls in love with this simple and beautiful poet.


He shone forth brightly his lamp of timeless wisdom of the East that this Universe has been created out of pure love, and it is only our love for each other together with peace, justice and freedom that will sustain it. It is no wonder that in India, Rabindranath Tagore is revered as Gurudev a teacher embodying God-like knowledge, a title conferred upon him by Mahatma Gandhi. In , Tagore and agricultural economist Leonard Elmhirst set up the Institute for Rural Reconstruction which Tagore later renamed Shriniketan- Abode of peace in Surul, a village near the ashram at shantiniketan.

He recruited scholars, donors, and officials, from many countries to help the institute use Schooling to free Villages from the shackles of helplessness and ignorance by vitalizing knowledge. In the early s, he also grew more concerned about Indias abnormal caste consciousness and Untouchability, lecturing on its evils writing poems and dramas with untouchable protagonists, and appealing to authorities at Keralas Guruvayoor Temple to admit Dalits For example, in he took a sheaf of his translated works to England, where he impressed persons like Charles F.

Indeed, Yeats wrote the preface to the English translation of Gitanjali, while Andrews joined Tagore at Shantiniketan. He explored biology, physics, and astronomy, meanwhile his poetry containing extensive naturalism underscored his respect for scientific laws. He also wove the process of science into many stories contained in such volumes as Se , Tin Sangi , and Galpasalpa Tagores last four years were marked by chronic pain and two long periods of illness. The poetry Tagore wrote in these years is among his finest, and is distinctive for its preoccupation with death.

After extended suffering, Tagore died on 7 august in an upstairs room of the Jorasanko mansion in which he was raised; his death anniversary is still mourned in public functions held across the world. His famous novellas include. Aside from autobiographical works, his travelogues, essays, and lectures were compiled into several volumes including Iurop Jatrir Patro letters from Europe and Manusher Dhormo The Religion of Man. Tagore was an accomplished musician and painter, and wrote about 2, songs. He composed Rabindra Sangeet, now an integral part of Bengali culture. In turn, Some of his books include: 1.

Gitanjali 2. The Nation 3. The Crescent 4. The Religion of Man 5. Creative Unity 6. The Home and the World 7. Gora 8. Saddhana The Realisation Of Life 9. Fruit- Gathering Thought Relics The Message Of Indias History. Shiksha Samasya The Problem of Education 3. Abaran Culture or Covering 4. Tapovam Forest Colony 5. Dharamashiksha Religious Education 6. Hindu Vishwavidyalaya Hindu University Strishiksha Women Education 8.

My School Shiksar Milan The Meeting of Cultures A Poets School Shihsar Vikiran Diffusion of Education Ashramer Shiksha Education in Ashram Bodher Sadhana Education of the Feeling Several Convocation Addresses. Tagore occupied a prominent place in the galaxy of brilliant men, who laid the foundation of the new nation in the wake of Indian Renaissance.

He was the apostle of enlightened humanity and a strong champion of world unity. Tagore is perhaps the only literary genius in contemporary history that devoted a major part of his life to thinking about education and creating an educational institution of international significance. These days, when the world is celebrating Tagores th birth anniversary, his paintings fetching millions reminds us of the greatness of the man.

It tells us that his stress on universalism is clearly being vindicated. Tagore was a social phenomenon of his time. His universal aspirations took him around the globe. He found India and its soul almost in every part of the globe he trotted. That is why he used to say he felt comfortable within the concentric circles of Bengali patriotism, Indian nationalism and Asian Universalism. Tagores universal appeal has its gripping hold even today. His book of poems, Gitanjali, which got him the Nobel Prize, has the soul and spirit of India, and yet it bears a universal appeal.

Hindustan Times, 25 may Contribution of Tagore in the Field Of Education Tagore was a seer of humanity and brought a sage like vision as an educator. He played a significant role in the field of education. From the middle of nineteenth century, say after the national awakening of , a sort of darkness prevailed over the spiritual horizon of India and for several decades, our own civilization and culture remained at the lowest ebb.

India was the ruled by the British. Due to English Education which brought the Indian youth in contact with Western ideas, the Indian students reading in the schools and colleges run on foreign lines, were dazzled by a world of new idea. As a result of this new knowledge, many of the Indian ideas and customs and educational methods and practices which were formerly regarded as the most appropriate and most useful, began to lose their importance and suitability.

Tagore brought into light the treasures of Indian Wisdom and civilization, to the educated people of both India and Europe. His works filled the Indian mind with pride about their past. The feeling that Indian culture, religion and education which had a very powerful civilization influence throughout the ages, grew stronger in the minds of the Indians.

It is as a result of the efforts of Tagore that our culture today is as fresh as it has ever been in the history of this country. He wanted that the new education system should enable the Indian youth to imbibe their own cultural heritage not of the modern materialistic civilization which is prone to create spiritual bankruptcy. For the fulfillment of this purpose, he decided to base education in the cultural roots of the country. Modern Education system prevalent in India is the result of gradual evolution, in our cultural heritage due to the innovative ideas of Tagore.

In the different fields of knowledge philosophy, art, literature, Tagore had been a source of inspiration not only for India but also for other countries of the world. He has given the concept of true education. Tagore wanted a communion between man and nature for true education. Tagores educational ideas are based on three cardinal principles namely: He believed in the harmonious development of the child.

Tagores contribution in the field of education in the form of Shantiniketan and Vishwa Bharati are remarkable. In the 21st century, compulsory and universal education is the basic need for the progress of the country. Tagore stressed that only that education is true education which cherishes and unfolds the seeds of immortality already sown within us. He wanted to put them into practice. He was in search of some ideal solution of his problem.

At last, he turned to Shantiniketan Ashrama Abode of Peace of his father as a place suitable for his purpose and with the blessing of his father, he started his experimental school towards the beginning of this new century in In a letter written to his friend, Rabindranath Tagore explained the ideals of this school thus: To give spiritual culture to our boys was my principal object in starting my school at Bholpur.

Fortunately in India, we have the model before us in the tradition of our ancient forest schools, where teachers whose aim was to realize their lives in God, had their home. Having in my mind this ideal of a school which should be a home and a temple in one, away from all distractions of town; hallowed by the memory of a pious life whose days were passed there in communion with God. So a school for boys was established in Bholpur on December 22, , one hundred miles north of Calcutta.

Tagores immediate object in founding Shantiniketan was to have a place in which children would live a happy life and enjoy as much freedom as possible. Shantiniketan was planned as an educational experiment which by relating the educational problems and programmes of a small and intimate community of pupils and teachers to the forces working behind the renaissance and the new birth of a nation and ultimately to the evolutionary need and urge of mankind all over the world, could evolve a plan for the education of man. In his school, the gulf between the teachers and pupils was bridged by a true spirit of friendship and brotherliness.

There was no distinction between the teacher and the pupils. Life was lived in harmony with nature by realizing the unity of mankind from all spheres of life. Following were the main objectives of the school: To help the children for the cultivation of love of nature and sympathy with all living creatures. To give spiritual training to the students. To impart knowledge by providing an atmosphere of freedom. To educate children by providing an environment of living aspiration based upon living contact between the teacher and the taught. To provide an environment after the fashion of Tapovans- forest schools about which he had read so much in the uapnishads.

To provide oppurtunities for manual labour and teaching of crafts like sewing, book binding, weaving, carpentary etc. To establish a community school where there is no distinction of caste or creed. He was a great educational practitioner who himself was closely associated with the entire educational practices at Vishwa Bharati. The word Vishwa Bharati is composed of two words. In Sanskrit the word Vishwa means world and Bharati means culture. Thus Vishwabharati would mean world culture. The motto of this university is Yatra Vishwam Bhavati Ekamidam i. Through Vishwabharati as a whole, the poet and the seer sought, to seek to establish a living relationship between the East and the West, to promote interracial amity and inter-cultural understanding and fulfill the highest mission of the present agethe unification of mankind.

Today this Vishwabharati is known not only all over the world, but also attracts scholars from different parts of the world. Tagore has observed, I have formed the nucleus of an international university, as one of the best means of promoting mutual understanding between the east and the west. It was intended to be, Treasure of Light not only for India but also of the world.

Love, universalism, Idealism made the greatest appeal to him. Tagore has three main purposes in establishing the Vishwabharati as under: To teach the different culture of east, especially of the east that originated in India or found shelter within her shores. To establish the Institution of Rural Reconstruction in order to lay the foundation of a happy, contended, and humane life in the villages. To seek to establish a living relationship between East and West to promote interracial amity and inter-cultural understanding and fulfill the highest mission of the present agethe unification of mankind.

Tagores scheme of education at Vishwabharati was to be distinctively national, patriotic, absolutely Indian , where individuals from all over the world could come and think clearly, feel nobly and act rightly, thus becoming the channels of moral truth. In his Vishwa Bharati, he tried to develop initiative and originality of mind in the students by giving them freedom.

There are no barriers of caste or creed and no test of religious belief imposed on the students. The Vishwa-Bharati maintained the following co- educational academic institutions or bhavanas:. Path- Bhavana school section This is the nucleus around which Vishwa-Bharati has grown. The school places emphasis riot so much on mere acquisition of knowledge as on a full and harmonic development of the child.

Close personal contact with the teacher, the influence of nature and environment, the atmosphere of freedom and joy, the practical training given in cooperation and self-government, the effort made to develop the self-expressive side of the child-mind through social, literary, and artistic activities, supervision of physical activities and organization of excursionsare some of the special features of the school.

Patha-Bhavana which used to train students up to the matriculation' standard of Calcutta University along with the Adyta Certificate Examination of the Vishwa-Bharati now the institute. Tagore tried to present a wider choice of subject matter and activities to his students and by doing so he intended to present an integrated educationeducation as an expression of intellectual abilities, aesthetic abilities and most of all an education which was related to life also.

Shiksha- Bhavana Higher Secondary This section provided higher secondary education to the students. Vidya- Bhavana college of under- Graduates and Post Graduation Studies This particular division of Vishwa-Bharati has gone through several changes over the years. Before the incorporation of the Vishwa-Bharati as a University, it used to provide collegiate education up to the graduation level. It also provided for a Vishwa-Bharati diploma, Madhya and Antya diplomas, which were equivalent to the intermediate and graduate degrees of chartered universities.

According to "Vishwa-Bharati and Its Institutions" Vishwa-Bharati, it was a college of undergraduate and graduate studies. Rabindra-Bhavana College of Tagore Studies and Research It provides facilities for the study of and research into the life and works of Rabindranath Tagore and his manifold contributions to the diverse fields of human endeavor. It provides facilities for research studies leading to the Ph. Vinaya Bhavana College of Education The Vinaya-Bhavana started functioning in September training schools under the basic training scheme, and teachers for primary and secondary schools.

Now it provides instruction for the degrees of B. Ed, and M. A special feature of the B. Ed, course is training in crafts and other practical and creative activities. In addition to the usual subjects, marked emphasis is placed on the practical aspects of the course.

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Education to be real must be of the whole man, of the emotions and senses as much as of the intellect. He said, "in order to lay before our educational authorities the petition that they should try and make it natural for our educated people to reverence art. Anything else that it may be necessary for me to do I have already started in my own institution, in spite of many handicaps". Sangeet Bhavana College of Music and Dance Tagore always gave music and dancing a priority place in his scheme of education.

A large part of man, he believed, cannot wholly be expressed by the mere language of words. From ancient times the gifts of such expressions have been rich and profuse, Wherever man has seen the manifestation of perfection, in words, music, lines, colours, and rhythm, in the sweetness of Subjects taught for this degree are: Rabindra Sangeet, classical music vocal , Manipuri dance, Kathakali dance, sitar and sera. Lok Siksha Samsad People's Education Council The Lok Siksha-Samsad is an examining body formed with a view of encouraging home study among those who cannot afford to continue their study in schools or colleges.

At the education conference during the Bengal Education Week celebrated in February , Tagore made some proposals and among other observations made therein, he stated, "if examination centers are started in towns and cities of different states for those men and women in the country who are for various reasons deprived of the benefit of school education, then many will feel encouraged to educate themselves at home in their leisure. Their education can be properly directed if their syllabus and textbooks are clearly prescribed from the lowest to the highest stages.

While opening this institute, he thought that the uppermost in mind should arouse the feeling of self-confidence in the villages and imbibe them with a spirit of self help. The word "Sri" contains the idea of prosperity and thus the name Sriniketan reveals Rabindranaths hope to make this place a center of village prosperity and welfare. Prabhat Kumar, biographer of Tagore, wrote about the opening day of Sriniketan, "This day is memorable in the annals of Vishwa-Bharati. The long cherished dream of Tagore about rural reconstruction was, on that day, on its way to fulfillment through the initiative of an Englishman and the financial assistance of an American" In fact, the movement started under very promising circumstances.

Around him; Elmhirst with his leadership, sympathy and love for the poor villagers of this part of Bengal; and Mrs. Straight with her gift of money, without which neither of the other two could proceed with any work of this kind" The institution started with two objectives in mind, first to survey the economic, social and scientific needs of the cultivators in their home, village and fields, and second, to try out laboratory experiments in health, education, craft, cultivation and animal husbandry.

Accordingly, the activities of Sriniketan were organized under four departments: 1 Agriculture, including Animal Husbandry, 2 Industries, The ideal of the institute, in the words of Tagore, is "The object of Sriniketan is to bring back life in its completeness into the villages making them self-reliant and self-respectful, acquainted with the cultural tradition of their own country and competent to make an efficient use of the modern resources for the improvement of their physical, intellectual and economic condition".

One of the inspiring factors for starting the Shiksha Satra was to give a practical bias to education. Log out of ReadCube. Rabindranath Tagore has been hailed as a deeply spiritual poet, an identity that is abundantly revealed in the Gitanjali poems where we see a spirituality that is almost stripped of all embellishment and trappings and we see Tagore absorbed in surrender to the Supreme Being.

Tagore conceived Jivan Devata in quite a different way.

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This concept has been variously interpreted by scholars and critics — many have argued that Jivan Devata is another name for the poetic muse while there are some who have argued that Jivan Devata is sublimated spirituality. However, it has come to be accepted as an important link in the understanding of Tagore's creativity given the extent and intensity of Tagore's engagement with the concept over a long period of his life. Volume 12 , Issue 5. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.

If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Email: kmkm. Tools Request permission Export citation Add to favorites Track citation. Share Give access Share full text access.

Share full text access. Please review our Terms and Conditions of Use and check box below to share full-text version of article. Set on a Bengali noble's estate in , this is both a love story and a novel of political awakening. The central character, Bimala, is torn between. The poet Kablr, a selection from whose songs is here for the first time offered to English readers, is one of the most interesting personalities in th. Poet, novelist, painter and musician, Rabindranath Tagore is the grand master of Bengali culture.

Written during the s, the stories in. Described by Rabindranath Tagore as revelations of my true self, the poems and songs of Gitanjali established the writers literary talent worldwide. They include eloquent sonnets such as the famous 'W In , Rabindranath Tagore became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, and he remains one of the most important voices of Bengali culture to this day.

These short stories, wr